• FrontEnd Transport service – This service runs on all Client Access servers and acts as a stateless proxy for all inbound and outbound external SMTP traffic for the Exchange 2013 organization. The Front End Transport service doesn't inspect message content, only communicates with the Transport service on a Mailbox server, and doesn't queue any messages locally.
  • Transport service – This service runs on all Mailbox servers and is virtually identical to the Hub Transport server role in previous versions of Exchange. The Transport service handles all SMTP mail flow for the organization, performs message categorization, and performs message content inspection. Unlike previous versions of Exchange, the Transport service never communicates directly with mailbox databases. That task is now handled by the Mailbox Transport service. The Transport service routes messages between the Mailbox Transport service, the Transport service, and the Front End Transport service.
  • Mailbox Transport – This service runs on all Mailbox servers and consists of two separate services: the Mailbox Transport Submission service and Mailbox Transport Delivery service. The Mailbox Transport Delivery service receives SMTP messages from the Transport service on the local Mailbox server or on other Mailbox servers, and connects to the local mailbox database using an Exchange remote procedure call (RPC) to deliver the message. The Mailbox Transport Submission service connects to the local mailbox database using RPC to retrieve messages, and submits the messages over SMTP to the Transport service on the local Mailbox server, or on other Mailbox servers. The Mailbox Transport Submission service has access to the same routing topology information as the Transport service. Like the Front End Transport service, the Mailbox Transport service also doesn't queue any messages locally.


  • Port 25 – This port just like in previous versions of Exchange is used for SMTP. Used by both External SMTP into the Front End Transport Service (FET), SMTP with Exchange 2007\2010 hub servers, between MBX servers, and also from the FET to the Transport Service. There is a receive connector named Default Frontend <servername> that listens on this port.
  • Port 587 – This port just like previous versions of Exchange is used for Client Connections (POP\IMAP). The CAS Server has a receive connection listening on this port name Client Frontend <servername>.
  • Port 717 – used for outbound proxy connections from the Transport service to the FET Service. When you create a Send connection you have the option to send mail destined for the Internet directly from the Transport Service to the Internet\Smart Host or relay that mail through the Front End Transport Service. There is a receive connector named Outbound Proxy Frontend <servername> that listens on this port.
  • Port 465 – used to accept proxied connections that were received on port 587 by the FET service for client connections. There is a receive connector named Client Proxy <servername> that listens on this port.
  • Port 475 – the Mailbox Transport Delivery Service listens on this ports for connections either from the transport service SMTP Send connector or SMTP from the Transport Service on other Mailbox Servers that need to send mail to users on this server.
  • Port 2525 – if the CAS and MBX servers are collocated on the same server the SMTP Receive connection for the Transport service will listen on 2525 instead of 25. This is because two services (FET and Transport Service) can’t listen on the same port.